Positive #36 - To Take the Four Species During Sukkot

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In this episode, we learn positive mitzvah #36, which is to take the four species during the holiday of Sukkot.

  1. What are the four species?
    • Citron / etrog
    • Palm tree branch / lulav
    • Myrtle branches / hadasim
    • Willow branches / aravot
  2. When does this mitzvah apply?
    • This mitzvah applies during daytime only, not at night.
    • In the Beit Hamikdash, it applies to all seven days of Sukkot. Elsewhere, the Biblical obligation is only on the first day of Sukkot. (Sukkot is the seven-day holiday that begins on the 15th day of Tishrei.)
    • However, after the destruction of the Beit Hamikdash, our Sages enacted that everyone should take the four species for all seven days of Sukkot.
    • Also, we don't take them on Shabbat.
  3. How is "to take the four species" defined?
    • The minimum requirement is to hold all four species, bring them together, and lift.
    • We recite a blessing beforehand.
    • They should be held in the position that they grow, right-side up.
    • As part of our prayers, we move the species in six directions (north, east, south, west, up, & down).

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